The complete name of Dr. A.P.J. Abdul Kalam is Avul Pakir Jainulabudeen Abdul Kalam. He was born on 15 October 1931 .In the family of Jainulabudeen, a Tamil Muslim boat owner and Ashiamma, a housewife, at Rameshwaram, Tamil Nadu. His family was very poor and he had to do assorted jobs to supplement family’s income. He completed his schooling from the Schwartz Matriculation School at Ramanathapuram. Then he went on to attend the Saint Joseph’s College at Tiruchirappalli. He completed his graduation in Physics in 1954 and then moved on to Madras to study aerospace engineering.

After successfully completion of his graduation from MIT-Chennai (Madras Institute of Technology) in 1960, Kalam joined Aeronautical Development Wing .Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) as a scientist. After that in 1969, Kalam was transferred to the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) . Where he was the project director of lndia’s first indigenous Satellite Launch Vehicle (SLV-III) . SLV-III successfully deployed the Rohini satellite in near earth’s orbit in July 1980.

Joining as project director in ISRO was one of Kalam’s biggest achievements in life. His research and educational leadership brought him all the pride which anyone dreamed in their life , he got great prestige in the 1980s, which prompted the government to initiate an advanced missile programme under his directorship.

Kalam was also serve as the Chief Scientific Adviser of the honorable Prime Minister, and as well as the Secretary of Defence Research and Development Organisation from July 1992 to December 1999. Kalam played a major role in successfully developing many missiles under the mission including Agni. Kalam served as the 11th President of India from 25 July 2002 to 25 July 2007. Kalam was also honored with a Bharat Ratna , he was the third President of India who was honored . India’s highest civilian honour, before becoming the President. During his term as President, he was affectionately popular as the People’s President.

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